Instructions to Authors


Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences is a peer-reviewed international journal, which publishes original articles on all aspects of biological sciences. In addition, review-type articles, notes from the field, short communications, anniversary notes and book reviews are also welcome. There are no restrictions on author and geographic region.

Papers are published Online First as they are accepted to minimize publication time. Online First publishes accepted articles in electronic form prior to their appearance in the print version of the journal, eliminating the delay necessary for the completion of an entire issue. One or two print issues of the journal are published per year, containing all online publications from the preceding year.

The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to accelerate the publication of high-profile papers, commissioned reviews or topical papers.

Please visit the journal website at: or 


Peer review process

All manuscripts will be subjected to peer-review before acceptance by at least two reviewers. When a manuscript is received, the Editor-in-Chief normally asks the qualified reviewers to evaluate the manuscript. When the authors submit their manuscripts to the editor, it will be more expedient to the review process if the authors offer the names of two or more potential reviewers with their contact addresses including e-mail accounts.


Originality and plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors used the other’s work, it should be appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from passing off other papers as the authors own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of the other papers (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. The editors shall evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content and reserve the right to decide not to publish submitted manuscripts in case if it is found that they do not meet relevant standards concerning the content and formal aspects. Therefore, the authors should warrant that their manuscripts are their original work, that it has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Publishing and license terms

Authors must make sure that all only contributors who have significantly contributed to the submission are listed as authors, and authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.

Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences is now under free license, and the open-access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Common Attribution License 3.0, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

You are free: to copy and distribute the work.

Attribution: you must give the original author credit.

Non-Commercial: you may not use this work for commercial purposes.

No Derivative Works: you may not alter or transform this work.

For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.

Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the author's moral rights.

Therefore, it is a condition of publication that authors assign copyright or license the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences


The submissions listed below are considered

Original research articles: must be limited to 9000 words, excluding references, tables and figures. Research papers will undergo peer review.

Review articles must be limited to 7000 words, excluding references, tables and figures. Review articles will undergo peer review.

Notes from the field: brief note, limited to 3500 words, detailing an observation of interest, and it will undergo peer review.

Short communications: brief note, limited to 3000 words, detailing with research that is too brief to undergo peer review.

Anniversary notes: brief note of anniversary, limited to 1500 words.

Book reviews: brief review of a new book relevant to the journal (limited to 1000 words).


Organization of Manuscript

Arrange manuscripts in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Key words, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References.


Title Page

Include the following information on the title page:

    Title. This should be concise but informative and where appropriate should include mention of family or higher taxa names.

    Running title. Provide a short title that does not exceed 50 spaces including punctuation marks

    Full names, postal and e-mail addresses, academic affiliation or place of work of authors.

    Correspondence address. Provide the full address, fax, telephone (including international dialing code) and e-mail address of the corresponding author.



The abstract summarizing the main findings and conclusions of the paper and indicating the relevance of the work should be submitted. Each Abstract should not exceed 200 words. Use common and scientific names in the Abstract unless already used in the title. Adopt standard scientific nomenclature and avoid abbreviations, references and quotations.


Key words

The Abstract should be followed by no more than 8 key words (index terms). Title words can be repeated if considered key words.



The Introduction should not provide a review of the area of work, but should introduce the reader to the aims and context for the work described.


Materials and Methods

This section should be sufficient to allow work to be replicated, but should not repeat information which can be referenced to previous studies. The Methods section may also contain descriptions of the statistics used, sample sizes, techniques and regimes.



The Results should be restricted to a factual account of the results obtained and the text should not duplicate information given in the Tables and Figures although it can complement it. Give details of the statistics including the test used, sample size, degrees of freedom and the probability level e.g. ANOVA: F3.17=108, P < 0.0001; x216= 1190.6, P < 0.0001; Wilcoxon test: Z = 2.5, N = 18, P = 0.011; Spearman rank correlation: rs= 0.11, N = 25, P = 0.581 etc.



The Discussion should include a concise statement of the principal findings, a discussion of the validity of the observations, a discussion of the findings in the light of other published works dealing with the same subject and a discussion of the significance of the work.



Refer to people, grants and sources of support etc.



For references in the text:

One author: Aoki (1990) or (Aoki, 1990);

Two authors: Beck and Woas (1993) or (Beck & Woas, 1993);

More than two authors: Norton et al. (1993) or (Norton et al., 1993).

In the reference section, all authors should be listed in full. Use lower case letters to distinguish between two papers by the same authors in the same year, e.g. (Thompson & Heck, 2002a, b). List multiple citations in chronological, but not alphabetical order, e.g. (Smith, 1985; Johnson, 1990; Beynon, 2001). All publications referred to in the text must be listed in full in the list of references in alphabetical order. Authors with multiple papers should be arranged in chronological order. Do not capitalize authors’ names. Provide the journal names in full. The issue number should be given (in parentheses) only when volumes are not continuously paginated. The format for papers, books and chapters cited in the reference section is as follows:


Wiklund, C. G., Kjellen, N. & Isakson, E. 1998. Mechanisms determining the spatial distribution of microtine predators on the Arctic tundra. Journal of Animal Ecology, 67: 91–98.

Dhaliwal, G. S. 1970. Impact of chemical control on honey bees. Pesticides (Bombay), 4(11): 17–19.

Cramp, S. & Simmons, K. E. L. 1980. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Brothers, D. J. & Finnamore, A. T. 1993. Superfamily Vespoidea. In Goulet, H. & Huber, J. T. (eds.): Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, pp. 161–278.



Numbers and names

Whole numbers one to nine should be spelled out and number 10 onwards given in numerals.

If a new taxon is described, the institution in which the type material is deposited must be given, together with details of the registration assigned to it.

Full binomial names should be given on the first occasion an organism is mentioned (and abbreviated thereafter), except at the beginning of a sentence.

Avoid footnotes except to add information below the body of a table. 

Do not use initial capitals for the common names of animals or plants unless derived from a proper noun.



Tables should include concise headings, be self-explanatory, single-spaced and numbered consecutively. Give extra information (e.g. results of statistical analysis) as a footnote below the table. When preparing illustrations and tables, please consider the printed page dimensions: width 160 mm, height 240 mm, column width 75 mm.



All illustrations should have the author’s name and figure number clearly written in the file names. Figure legends should be explanatory without reference to the text. Photographs should be color or black-and-white with good contrast and are best submitted at the actual size of reproduction. Clear, technically accurate line drawings are accepted. Do not use fine lines on drawings to be significantly reduced. They should be submitted in digital form. Use Times New Roman font for lettering on tables and figures. Tables and figures must be referred to in the text, submitted on separate pages, and the approximate positions indicated in the left-hand margin of the text. Refer to illustrations and tables in the text as: Fig. 1; Figs. 1–2; Table 1; Tables 1–3. Do not produce the same data in figure and table form.


Use of italics

In the text: Latin names of taxa up to the generic level; in the References: names of periodicals, titles of books and the Latin names of taxa should be in italics. At the first mention of a species, give the common name (when available) followed by the Latin name in italics. For further mention of the same species use only the common name.


Proofs and Offprints

No page charges are levied for original articles review-type articles, notes from the field, short communications, anniversary notes and book reviews. Authors are asked to pay 50 US$ for printing of pages containing color artwork. Papers will be published online individually as soon as corrected proofs have been received and processed. A PDF reprint is supplied free of charge.


Submission of Manuscript

If you want to submit your paper to the Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences, please use the online submission system on this website. Additionally, you can also contact the journal editor through following e-mail: bayartogtokh(at)

You can download the most recent Instructions to Authors using the following link at:

Manuscripts not conforming to the above guidelines are liable to be returned to the authors for correction.  

Authors whose native language is not English are requested to have their manuscripts language checked by an English speaker before submission. Manuscripts written in poor English will be returned. Either American or British spelling and grammar are acceptable as long as used consistently throughout the text.

The entire manuscript including the abstract, references, figure legends and tables should be typed with 1.5 line spacing. Pages should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript.

Do not divide words (turn hyphenation option off) and do not justify the text.

Papers are reviewed by at least two reviewers before acceptance. Authors may suggest reviewers for their papers, however, the Editors reserve the right to choose referees other than or in addition to those suggested.

Authors must respect the articles of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, and its recommendation.


Submission declaration

The corresponding author must submit a declaration stating that: the manuscript submitted has not been published, accepted for publication or submitted to any other journal, all authors approve submission of the manuscript, all authors involved in the work and entitled to authorship have been included, the work conforms to the legal requirements of the country in which it was carried out. 

Online submittion



Phasellus quam turpis, feugiat sit amet ornare in, hendrerit in lectus. Praesent semper bibendum ipsum, et tristique augue fringilla eu. Vivamus id risus vel dolor auctor euismod quis eget mi. Etiam eu ante risus. Aliquam erat volutpat. Aliquam luctus mattis lectus sit amet phasellus quam turpis.